Phase I ESA and Phase II Site Investigations at Industrial Properties In Advance Of Real Estate Transaction

Phase I ESA and Phase II Site Investigations at Industrial Properties In Advance Of Real Estate Transaction

Project Highlights
  • Review of historical documents
  • Site reconnaissance
  • File reviews for offsite properties of potential environmental concern
  • Analysis of research findings to form conclusions and recommendations

EEC conducted a Phase I Environmental Site Assessments (ESA’s) at industrial properties in two cities in California as part of an expansion of an east coast based service industry. The first property consisted of one 3.7-acre parcel developed with a 70,080-square foot warehouse building that was developed in 1971. The property was historically occupied by a metal fabricating company, a vinyl record manufacturer, and two automotive service facilities. The vinyl record manufacturer utilized an electroplating room, machine shop, in-ground clarifier, and chemicals including heavy metals and chlorinated solvents. The automotive service facilities utilized degreasers and the in-ground clarifier. Previous environmental reports identified chlorinated solvents in the soil surrounding the clarifier.

The second location was a former dairy. The 3.5-acre property was historically used for agricultural purposes, a dairy, equipment storage, and vehicle and equipment maintenance. The property was located in a heavily industrialized area and hydraulically downgradient relative to a former oil refinery. Petroleum-contaminated groundwater was documented in the refinery’s groundwater wells located immediately adjacent to the subject property. Onsite investigations indicated that groundwater beneath the site was also impacted by petroleum hydrocarbons.

The Phase I ESAs were performed in accordance with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Standards and Practices for All Appropriate Inquiries (40 CFR Part 312) and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Designation E 1527-13. The Phase I ESAs consisted of site inspections, agency record reviews, historical research, interviews with site representatives, and analysis of information to provide findings and conclusions.

The purpose of the Phase I ESAs was to assess the environmental condition of the subject properties and identify recognized environmental conditions as defined by the ASTM, in connection with the subject properties. The Phase I ESAs were prepared by an Environmental Professional, as defined in ASTM E1527-13 and pursuant to 40 CFR, 312.10. Quality Control consisted of a technical review by EEC staff and the report reviewed by the company Vice President, a Certified Hydrogeologist, Professional Geologist, and Environmental Professional.

Information found during the Phase I ESA at the first site result in the client declining to pursue the purchase of the property.  Information found during the Phase I ESA at the Santa Fe Springs site resulted in a “Comfort Letter” being obtained for the second site to indicate that the source of contamination in groundwater beneath the site was from an upgradient source.

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